This island was never part of Africa, and as a result has an array of flora and fauna that colonised it after travelling on the wind, by birds, or by ocean, and evolved to become mostly endemic to the island as the conditions here are unique to the island alone.
Of all the islands in the Gulf of Guinea, São Tomé has the greatest biological diversity, as well as the highest number of endemic species; it was the first place that volcanic activity ceased, allowing forest and animals to become established more quickly. Some animal groups, however, are not represented at all on the island, for example large mammals.
Quiet, undisturbed and beautiful, this little island also has a fascinating history that can be explored at your leisure in the main town of São Tomé. With trekking across the mountains and gorgeous beaches, it is worth a quick visit anytime you are in the region.
Our Recommended Tours
São Tomé and Príncipe Islands - 8 days/7 nights
This itinerary is priced for a set departure date (ask us for the dates) from Douala, Cameroon to São Tomé on a private charter return flights to keep the cost of getting to and from the islands down. Exclusive or independent trips are definitely available however the cost is higher due to the connecting flights to São Tomé and the return flight from Príncipé. For a week, you'll discover the secrets of these two little known islands or simply just relax on the pristine beaches.