named after the Damara people who make up most of the local population, is
the hilly transitional zone between the arid Skeleton Coast and Namibia's
scrubby central plateau - it holds the main repositories of Namibia's best
known prehistoric rock paintings and engravings.
("doubtful spring") has one of the most extensive galleries of rock art in
Africa providing a unique window to a past culture and civilisation with
over 2000 documented engravings. Unlike most prehistoric art sites in southern
Africa, most of the Twyfelfontein works aren't paintings but rather engravings,
or petroglyphs which have been imprinted by chipping through the hard patina
covering the sandstone, dolomite or basaltic lava.
("fire mountain", "mountain of the Gods", "forsaken mountain") named for
the effect created by the rising and setting sun on its faces, is a massive
inselberg that dominates the surrounding rock and gravel plains. Maack's
Shelter in the Tsisab ("leopard") Ravine contains the famous "White Lady"
painting which has evoked a myriad hypotheses as to its origin and meaning.
The figure is estimated to be over 4000 years old.
The summit of
the Brandberg, Konigstein, is Namibia's highest peak at 2579m. Conquered
in 1918, it provides a formidable goal for mountaineers with horrendous daytime
temperatures, bitterly cold nights and a serious scarcity of water.
The Messum Crater
is a secluded volcanic feature in the Gobobose Mountains west of Brandberg
- one of the best areas in Namibia for seeing lichen fields.
hill) - a remnant of an ancient volcano is one of Namibia's most recognisable
landmarks, nicknamed the Matterhorn of Africa - an area which is rich in
Forest in the Awahuab Valley west of Khorixas contains an exceptional
accumulation of fossilised trees estimated at over 200 million years old.
An isolated colony of Welwitschia mirabalis amongst these relics creates
an exotic botanical contrast by bringing together these "living fossils"
with the dead.
to as the Kaokoland district, the remote north-western corner of Namibia
is rugged, harsh, untamed and practically devoid of commercial tourist
reached by the Herero during the early southward Bantu migrations about 450
years ago and the Dorstlandtrekkers over 120 years ago is still sparsely
inhabited by man. The Himba (or Ovahimba) tribe are Herero descendants who
continue their semi-nomadic existence in this primitive wilderness today.
remains a wild sanctuary for small but wide-ranging populations of the renowned
desert elephant, rhino, giraffe and lion. Roads are horrendous and basic
infrastructure is virtually non-existent - this is prime safari